Developer Forums | About Us | Site Map


Web Host
site hosted by netplex

Online Manuals


(PHP 3, PHP 4 )

chmod -- Changes file mode


bool chmod ( string filename, int mode)

Attempts to change the mode of the file specified by filename to that given in mode.

Note that mode is not automatically assumed to be an octal value, so strings (such as "g+w") will not work properly. To ensure the expected operation, you need to prefix mode with a zero (0):

chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 755);   // decimal; probably incorrect   
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", "u+rwx,go+rx"); // string; incorrect       
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 0755);  // octal; correct value of mode

The mode parameter consists of three octal number components specifying access restrictions for the owner, the user group in which the owner is in, and to everybody else in this order. One component can be computed by adding up the needed permissions for that target user base. Number 1 means that you grant execute rights, number 2 means that you make the file writeable, number 4 means that you make the file readable. Add up these numbers to specify needed rights. You can also read more about modes on UNIX systems with 'man 1 chmod' and 'man 2 chmod'.

// Read and write for owner, nothing for everybody else
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 0600);

// Read and write for owner, read for everybody else
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 0644);

// Everything for owner, read and execute for others
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 0755);

// Everything for owner, read and execute for owner's group
chmod ("/somedir/somefile", 0750);

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Note: The current user is the user under which PHP runs. It is probably not the same user you use for normal shell or FTP access.

Note: This function will not work on remote files as the file to be examined must be accessible via the servers filesystem.

See also chown() and chgrp().

Copyright 2004-2019 All rights reserved. Site hosted by NETPLEX