Developer Forums | About Us | Site Map
Search  
HOME > PHPMANUAL


Sponsors





Web Host
site hosted by netplex
Partners

Online Manuals

imap_open

(PHP 3, PHP 4 )

imap_open -- Open an IMAP stream to a mailbox

Description

resource imap_open ( string mailbox, string username, string password [, int options])

Returns an IMAP stream on success and FALSE on error. This function can also be used to open streams to POP3 and NNTP servers, but some functions and features are only available on IMAP servers.

A mailbox name consists of a server part and a mailbox path on this server. The special name INBOX stands for the current users personal mailbox. The server part, which is enclosed in '{' and '}', consists of the servers name or ip address, an optional port (prefixed by ':'), and an optional protocol specification (prefixed by '/'). The server part is mandatory in all mailbox parameters. Mailbox names that contain international characters besides those in the printable ASCII space have to be encoded with imap_utf7_encode().

The options are a bit mask with one or more of the following:

  • OP_READONLY - Open mailbox read-only

  • OP_ANONYMOUS - Dont use or update a .newsrc for news (NNTP only)

  • OP_HALFOPEN - For IMAP and NNTP names, open a connection but dont open a mailbox

  • CL_EXPUNGE - Expunge mailbox automatically upon mailbox close

To connect to an IMAP server running on port 143 on the local machine, do the following:

<?php
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:143}INBOX", "user_id", "password");
 ?>

To connect to a POP3 server on port 110 on the local server, use:

<?php
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:110/pop3}INBOX", "user_id", "password");
 ?>

To connect to an SSL IMAP or POP3 server, add /ssl after the protocol specification:

<?php
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:993/imap/ssl}INBOX", "user_id", "password");
 ?>

To connect to an SSL IMAP or POP3 server with a self-signed certificate, add /ssl/novalidate-cert after the protocol specification:

<?php
$mbox = imap_open ("{localhost:995/pop3/ssl/novalidate-cert}", "user_id", "password");
 ?>

To connect to an NNTP server on port 119 on the local server, use:

<?php
$nntp = imap_open ("{localhost:119/nntp}comp.test", "", "");
 ?>

To connect to a remote server replace "localhost" with the name or the IP address of the server you want to connect to.

Example 1. imap_open() example

<?php
$mbox = imap_open ("{your.imap.host:143}", "username", "password");

echo "<p><h1>Mailboxes</h1>\n";
$folders = imap_listmailbox ($mbox, "{your.imap.host:143}", "*");

if ($folders == false) {
    echo "Call failed<br>\n";
} else {
    while (list ($key, $val) = each ($folders)) {
        echo $val."<br>\n";
    }
}

echo "<p><h1>Headers in INBOX</h1>\n";
$headers = imap_headers ($mbox);

if ($headers == false) {
    echo "Call failed<br>\n";
} else {
    while (list ($key,$val) = each ($headers)) {
        echo $val."<br>\n";
    }
}

imap_close($mbox);
 ?>

Copyright 2004-2017 GrindingGears.com. All rights reserved. Site hosted by NETPLEX